Scrabble rules: how to play, points, scoring and strategy (2023)

What is scrabble?

Scrabble rules: how to play, points, scoring and strategy (1)

Scratchis the most popular and recognizable wordtile based gamein the world. The origin of this modern classic dates back to 1938, whereAlfred Mosher asses, an American architect, created the first version of the game. At this point, the now ubiquitous 15x15 board and addictive gameplay were already in place. It was in 1948 that the rights to the idea were purchased and the name Scrabble was introduced.

How to play Scrabble?

Scrabble is a board game for 2 to 4 players, and everything you need to play is included in the box. The 15x15 board and 100-letter tiles are all you need to play, and the complimentary tile holders can be used to hold the tiles.

The game is designed for 2 to 4 players, but competitive scenarios are usually for 2 players. There are also rule variations that allow 2 teams of two. Regardless, the rules and instructions remain identical.

before the game

Setting up the game is simple. The 100 letter tiles are placed in an opaque bag provided to ensure a fair draw. An addictive or word list is specified to resolve possible disputes about the validity of words that may occur throughout the game.

Turn order is determined by each player purchasing a token. The player who approaches a letter that occurs first in alphabetical order goes first. Blank tiles will win when drawn against an 'A' tile.

(Video) SCRABBLE Rules | How To Play Scrabble | Rules of Scrabble EXPLAINED

Each player takes 7 tiles from the bag and places them so that no other player can see them.

How to play

The core gameplay in Scrabble involves arranging tiles to form words. The player who goes first must play a word with at least two letters and must come into contact with the central square (H8).

On subsequent turns, all words must use parts of words already present on the board. Each subsequent word must use at least one letter from the words on the board. Words can be formed as long as they are read from top to bottom or from left to right.

Each player can choose between three options during their turn. They can play the board, forming words with the corresponding assigned score. A player can also choose to exchange the tiles in his hand with the same number of tiles in the draw. If desired, a player may also choose to forfeit their turn by passing.

There are 2 blank tiles for a total of 100 tiles. These tokens can be used as substitutes for any letter, but they are not worth points.

If a player plays a word during his turn, he calls the calculated score value of the played word. Scoring is discussed in the Value, Points and Scoring section of the guide. A player then reloads their hand from the shopping bag, back to a total of 7 tiles. Once the chips are removed from the bag, the play cannot be changed.

(Video) How to Play Scrabble

How does Scrabble end?

According to the official tournament rules, a game of Scrabble ends when a player has played all of his tiles from his rack and there are no more tiles in the bag to replenish his hand. Also, a game can end when both players make 6 turns of passing on both sides.

At the end of a game, scores are calculated and the winner is the player with the highest score.

Scrabble Regret

Since scoring is an important factor in Scrabble, there are rules to make the game process easier. The following discussion will be based on the official Scrabble rules used in tournaments.

valid words

In general, all words in the chosen dictionary are valid. However, tournament players don't have a dictionary handy to consult. Instead, players operate with their inherent knowledge. As a rule, proper names, hyphenated words and acronyms are not allowed, except those that are in common use. For tournaments, two main word lists are used, theTournament word list(TWL) and oScrabble Palabras Collins(CSW).


In an opponent's game, a player may contest the validity of the played word, as long as the opponent has not yet drawn tiles to replenish his hand. The challenger then looks up the word in the agreed upon sources. If the word is false, the opponent is forced to remove the played pieces and the turn passes to the next player.

If a challenge is unsuccessful, when the contested word is valid, penalties may or may not apply, depending on the rules used for said game.

(Video) How to Play Scrabble


In conclusion,Scrabble Regretson:

  • Each player buys 7 tiles.
  • The first player plays in contact with the central piece, with a minimum length of 2 letters.
  • The game continues until an end condition is reached.
  • Players can challenge words when they believe those words are invalid.

Value, Points and Score

Scrabble scoring is simple. All letter tiles have Scrabble letter values ​​that describe the point value of each tile, which is also based on the letter distribution. Just add up the Scrabble points for each letter in the word. This also includes all previously played pieces. For example, if a player adds an S piece to a previous moveGIVEN, by rolling DICE, the player scores all 5 letters, not just their S tile.

The letter distribution for the English version of Scrabble is shown below:

Scrabble rules: how to play, points, scoring and strategy (2)

On the board, there are special squares that give bonuses to players who manage to cover them with letters. These squares include the "Double Letter", the "Triple Letter", the "Double Word" and the "Triple Word". Letter squares double or triple the score of the letter placed on that tile, while word squares do the same but for the entire word. Each of these squares can only be used once. For example, in the DICE example, if the word DICE covered a double word square, the player would get double the score for the word DICE, while the player adding the S token would not benefit from the doubling.

At the end of the game, if a player manages to remove all pieces from his hand, he is "out" and gets the sum of the opponent's remaining pieces added to his score. To keep score, a Scrabble score sheet can help.

(Video) Improving Your Scrabble Score

Strategy and how to win

Here are some tips for winning and improving at Scrabble:

  • Memorize two and three letter words, this is the key to Scrabble strategy.
  • Manage your S blocks carefully as there are only 4 S blocks in the game and they can be used to form two words at once.
  • Learn hooking, which consists of extending words (adding S to RING to make SPRING), while also doing another word at the same time (FAST with the S extending RING to SPRING).
  • Learn the words "Q-no U", there are 17 valid words in TWL.
  • Play high score squares. If you can capitalize on the triple word square, you can gain a huge advantage over your opponent.
  • Save Extensions. The S block is not the only way to extend words, "ER", "ED" and "ING" can also be used.

Common questions

How many letters in Scrabble?

There are a total of 100 tiles, with98 being letter tiles🇧🇷 All 26 letters of the English alphabet exist.

How many of each letter are there?

Number of each letter in Scrabble
carta Amount
B 2
C 2
D 4
mi 12
F 2
H 2
you 9
j 1
k 1
eu 4
norte 6
O 8
P 2
q 1
R 6
S 4
T 6
you 4
V 2
C 2
x 1
Y 2
Z 1
Empty 2

How many tiles are there in Scrabble?

In the English version of Scrabble, there are100 tokensno total.

What is the highest scoring Scrabble word?

The highest scoring Scrabble word is “SESQUIOXIDANTE”, reaching a theoretical maximum of2044 points.

What is the highest score in history?

The highest recorded Scrabble score in tournaments was764 points, marked byRussel Honeybun e 2007.

How many squares are there on a Scrabble board?

The Scrabble board has a 15×15 layout, with a total of225 squares.


What is a Scrabble bingo?

a bingo isa move made using all 7 pieces in a player's hand🇧🇷 These grant a bonus of 50 points to a player who has achieved it.

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Do you get points for both words in Scrabble? ›

If two or more words are formed on a single turn, each word is scored individually. This means any special scoring squares are counted for both words. At the end of the game, all tiles in a player's rack are subtracted from their score and the highest score wins.

Do you get extra points in Scrabble for using all your letters? ›

You might be aware that in Scrabble, if you manage to use all seven of your tiles in one play, it earns you a bonus of 50 points. That's called a "bingo," in Scrabble lingo.

Do you get extra points in Scrabble if you use all your tiles? ›

When the game of SCRABBLE ends, each players' total is reduced by the sum of his or her unplayed letters. In addition, if a player used all letters, the sum of the other players' unplayed letters is added to that player's score.

What is the best first move in Scrabble? ›

There is an adage in Scrabble that says “the player going first will win 54% of the time - all other things being equal”. Going first allows you to control the board - you determine whether your move will be horizontal or vertical , expose a premium square or a double word file, close or open the board.

What are the 3 types of challenge in Scrabble? ›

Depending on the rules in play, there may be different consequences for a challenge. There are three common variations: double challenge, single challenge, and penalty challenge.

How do points work in Scrabble? ›

Common letters, such as vowels, are worth 1 point, while rare letters such as "Q", "X", and "Z" are worth 8-10 points. Blank tiles are worth zero points. The score of a play is equal to the sum of the scores of all new words formed (including extensions or hook words, see examples below).

Can a triple letter score be used twice? ›

USE - you cannot reuse the Triple Word Score.

Do you get extra points in Scrabble for finishing first? ›

According to the North American Scrabble Players Association tournament and club play, the player who ends the game earns double the points on all of the tiles remaining on all of his or her opponents' racks. The other players subtract nothing from their totals.

What letter gives you the most points in Scrabble? ›

All Scrabble players know that Q and Z are the highest scoring tiles. You can get 10 points for each, in the English language version of the game.

Can you make 2 words at once in Scrabble? ›

When two or more words are formed in the same play, each is scored. The common letter is counted (with full premium value, if any) for each word.

How do I maximize my Scrabble score? ›

Tips to improve your Scrabble play
  1. Play a lot of games, against different players. ...
  2. Study the two and three letter word lists. ...
  3. Don't always choose the first good play you see. ...
  4. Look for outstanding parallel plays. ...
  5. Maximize your use of the bonus squares.

What is the best 7 letter word in Scrabble? ›

Top 7-letter Word Scores
  • MEZQUIT (27)
  • BEZIQUE (27)
  • CAZIQUE (27)
  • JUKEBOX (27)
  • ZOMBIFY (26)
  • ZINKIFY (26)
  • KOLHOZY (26)
  • SOVKHOZ (26)

What is P worth in Scrabble? ›

Point value is as follows: (1 point)-A, E, I, O, U, L, N, S, T, R. (2 points)-D, G. (3 points)-B, C, M, P.

What is it called when you use all 7 letters in Scrabble? ›

A SCRABBLE play that uses all seven tiles is also known as a bingo. Tournament SCRABBLE players count on bingos in every game, because laying down a seven-tile word earns a "bingo" bonus of 50 points.

What is the most powerful word in Scrabble? ›

It remains the world's top-scoring single Scrabble move ever. And though no one's managed to use it yet, the theoretical highest-scoring Scrabble word out there is OXYPHENBUTAZONE. Ohioan Dan Stock found the word, which is worth a wild 1,458 points.

What is the best word to use in Scrabble? ›

Oxyphenbutazone: A type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) This is theoretically the highest-scoring of all the Scrabble words—hooked to the right words, it would earn a whopping 1,778 points, found Dan Stock of Ohio.

Is Scrabble skill or luck? ›

Scrabble is a game that involves both skill and luck. There's skill in knowing the words you can play and — especially — the most advantageous ways to play them. But there's also luck in the tiles you draw randomly from the bag: get saddled with a rack containing four I's and there's usually not much you can do.

What is the highest scoring 3 letter word in Scrabble? ›

The letter 'X' provides the highest scoring two-letter words, with at least 9 points awarded for the Greek letter names 'Ax', 'Ex', 'Ox', 'Xi' and the Vietnamese coin 'Xu'; whilst with 'Zax' (a hatchet-like tool) attaining a minimum of 19 points, it also gives you the highest scoring three-letter word.

Why is Scrabble being discontinued? ›

The EA game will be discontinued on 5 June because the official franchise is now licensed to Scopely. Scrabble Go was launched on 5 March and had been downloaded more than 10 million times by the end of April.

What types of words are not allowed in Scrabble? ›

There are some words that are not allowed to be played and these include suffixes, prefixes and abbreviations. Any word that requires the use of a hyphen or apostrophe cannot be played in the game. Any word that required the use of a capital letter is not allowed.

Do double word scores count twice? ›

If a word is formed that covers two premium word squares, the score is doubled and then re-doubled (4 times the letter count), or tripled and then re-tripled (9 times the letter count). Letter and word premiums count only on the turn in which they are played.

Is za a valid Scrabble word? ›

Za: Scrabble Word and Definition

According to Hasbro's official Scrabble dictionary, the definition of "za" is that it is a term for pizza. You can also use the plural, "zas." The Merriam-Webster dictionary agrees and notes that it is a slang term.

Is Yi a word in Scrabble? ›

yi is a valid English word.

Is OK a word in Scrabble? ›

"OK" is now OK to play in a game of Scrabble. The two-letter word is one of 300 new additions to the latest version of the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, which Merriam-Webster released on Monday.

What is the only letter in Scrabble to have a value of five points? ›

New technologies can 'improve' a classic design, but Scrabble aficionados aren't having a bar of it. It's the only letter of that value – below it there's F, H, V, W and Y on four points, and the next highest value is eight (J and X).

What is J worth in Scrabble? ›

The J is one of the highest scoring tiles in the English Scrabble game, at a face value of 8 points, behind only the Q and Z and tied with X. There is only one J in a standard set of 100 tiles.

Can you pass twice in a row in Scrabble? ›

If all players pass twice, in consecutive turns, the game ends. A dictionary or word guide may not be used while a game is in progress to search for words to fit the tiles on your rack. It may only be consulted after a word has been played and challenged.

What 2 letter words are allowed in Scrabble? ›

Ew joins another 106 two-letter words, which are aa, ab, ad, ae, ag, ah, ai, al, am, an, ar, as, at, aw, ax, ay, ba, be, bi, bo, by, da, de, do, ed, ef, eh, el, em, en, er, es, et, ex, fa, fe, gi, go, ha, he, hi, hm, ho, id, if, in, is, it, jo, ka, ki, la, li, lo, ma, me, mi, mm, mo, mu, my, na, ne, no, nu, od, oe, of, ...

What is the second highest scoring word in Scrabble? ›

The Top Scoring Words in Scrabble
  • WHIZZ: Commonly spelled with one z, whiz is accepted with two z's in Scrabble, scoring 28 points. ...
  • JAZZ: Jazz, a common music genre, is a 31-point word in Scrabble.
  • JAZZILY: Jazzily scores 6 additional points than “jazz,” adding up to 37 points on the Scrabble board.
Apr 13, 2021

Does Scrabble improve IQ? ›

Brain Development and IQ

Young people who play Scrabble and other word games tend to have higher IQ scores than those who don't. Vocabulary and memory are obvious areas of improvement, but the tolerance for mental challenges is much higher for children who play as well.

What is the highest scoring opening word in Scrabble? ›

Let's jump right in: the highest-scoring legal Scrabble word is OXYPHENBUTAZONE. With all the bonuses bonused and tiles totaled, that sucker — an obsolete anti-inflammatory medication, evidently — will net you 1,778 points.

What 7 letter word has the most vowels? ›

Arteriosus – a blood vessel in the developing fetus connecting the trunk of the pulmonary artery to the proximal descending aorta.

What 7 letter word has the most points in Scrabble? ›

The highest scoring 7-letter bingo is "MUZJIKS". Though the sum total of the seven tiles is 29 points, if the Z is placed on the double letter square (for maximum score value), the resulting score is (39x2) + 50 = 128 points.

What is the longest word in Scrabble? ›


That's because it has to be played across three triple word score squares and built on eight already-played (and perfectly positioned) tiles.

Can you skip a turn in Scrabble? ›

You may skip your turn at any time by clicking “Skip” and confirming your choice in the pop-up menu. In general, this is only done when a player cannot find any valid moves on a turn.

What is PE in Scrabble? ›

Yes, pe is a valid Scrabble word. PE: a Hebrew letter, also FE, PEH [n -S] The word "pe" scores 4 points at Scrabble.

What is Q and Z in Scrabble? ›

quizzing 39squizzed 37quizzers 36squizzes 36beziques 30caziques 30mezquite 30mezquits 30equalize 28quantize 28quetzals 28quezales 28squeezed 28quartzes 27quatorze 27queazier 27squeezer 27squeezes 27. 7 Letter Words. Points. A - Z.

Are there any 3 letter words with Z? ›

The 3 Letter Words Starting With Z are zen, zee, Zoo, zip, zag, zap, zit, zin, zas, zek, zap, zed, etc. These are a few 3 letter words that start with Z.

What is a 2 letter word with Z? ›

2-letter words starting with Z

What skill may develop in playing Scrabble? ›

Improves mathematical skills: Along with improving the English skills, the scrabble also teaches the kids basic math skills. Since each tile of the letters used in the game carries specific points, the kids would have to multiply those points with the value given to the box.

What word gives the most points in Scrabble? ›

The international Scrabble legend earned 392 points with CAZIQUES (which is the plural of a type of oriole). It remains the world's top-scoring single Scrabble move ever. And though no one's managed to use it yet, the theoretical highest-scoring Scrabble word out there is OXYPHENBUTAZONE.

What is the best word to play in Scrabble? ›

Oxyphenbutazone: A type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) This is theoretically the highest-scoring of all the Scrabble words—hooked to the right words, it would earn a whopping 1,778 points, found Dan Stock of Ohio.

What is it called when you use all 7 Scrabble tiles? ›

BINGO! If you play seven tiles on a turn, it's a Bingo. You score a premium of 50 points after totaling your score for the turn.

What is it called when players use all seven of their Scrabble tiles to make a word? ›

There's no yelling “Bingo!” in Scrabble, but that's the term for playing all seven tiles on your turn. When you get a bingo, you earn 50 extra points after totaling your score for the word you played.

Is playing Scrabble good for your brain? ›

Scrabble has been found by researchers to awaken inactive parts of the brain. Studies also show that those who frequently engaged in a game of Scrabble developed an ability to strengthen their minds and improve in the game over time.

Are Scrabble Players intelligent? ›

In a study recently published in Applied Cognitive Psychology, Michael Toma and his colleagues found that elite SCRABBLE players outperformed college students from a highly selective university on tests of two cognitive abilities: working memory and visuospatial reasoning.

Is Scrabble a game of luck or skill? ›

Scrabble is a game that involves both skill and luck. There's skill in knowing the words you can play and — especially — the most advantageous ways to play them. But there's also luck in the tiles you draw randomly from the bag: get saddled with a rack containing four I's and there's usually not much you can do.

How do you score at the end of Scrabble? ›

Scrabble Game Scoring

If the game ends because all possible plays have been made, rather than a player using up all of their tiles, each player subtracts the sum of the points on all of the tiles remaining in his or her rack. One player's score is not added to another's.

Can you start a word anywhere in Scrabble? ›

You must use tiles already on the board as part of the word you spell (you can't just start a new word anywhere you want).


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